Coronary artery disease occurs when your heart's arteries (which supply blood to the heart muscles) become hard. Some of the tests which are done during coronary artery disease, are EKG, stress test, echocardiography, and coronary angiography. Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is to meet our heart muscle again enough blood, oxygen, and nutrients.The bypass graft for a CABG can be a vein from the leg or an inner chest wall artery.
After diagnosing your heart, the doctor finds out that which of your heart arteries are blocked. Then the doctor decides the type of bypass surgery which has to be given to you :
First, the cardiac surgeon makes a surgical cut in the middle of the chest and then saws through the sternum. Then a preservative solution is inserted in the heart arteries. Plastic tubes are placed in the right atrium to channel venous blood out of the body for passage through a plastic sheeting in the heart-lung machine. The oxygenated blood is then returned to the body. The main aorta is clamped off during CABG surgery to maintain a bloodless field and to allow bypasses to be connected to the aorta.
Generally, people who have undergone any Heart surgery are able to go home after 3-4 days from the surgery. Recovery may take weeks. You most likely can get back to light activity after 3 weeks. Tiring exercise should wait until after 6 weeks of recovery.
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