Liver transplant: Process, Risks, and Treatment Cost in India
Liver is the chemical processing plant of the human body which performs the metabolism process. This process helps to keep the body in good condition. It keeps the body energized, cares for the human body and is like a cone-shaped figure with a dark reddish brown colour weighing 3 pounds in an average adult. It is situated below the diaphragm on the right side of the abdomen. There are two different channels which provide blood to the liver; 1.) Hepatic artery carries oxygen-rich blood; 2.) The hepatic portal vein carries nutrient-rich blood. The liver holds up to 13% of the blood present in human body. There are two major lobes in the liver which consists of eight segments. Any problem with the liver can cause trouble to complete digestive system. Disorders in the liver can vary from mild to severe and if there is no medical treatment possible, liver transplant in India is carried out.
Functions of Liver
These segments are made up of 1000 small lobules. These small lobules are connected to the small ducts that unite with larger ducts to make the common hepatic duct. The bile juice prepared by the liver cells is transferred by these common hepatic ducts to the gallbladder. The liver is one of the most essential organs of the human body. It is the largest organ of the human body and carries out many functions.
The function liver carries out are as follows-
- It cleans the blood and fights against infection.
- It helps in digestion of food and stores a form of sugar that the body further uses for energy.
- Further, it produces crucial amino acids and helps in the production of vital blood clotting supplements.
- It produces cholesterol and certain proteins that help carry out fats through the body.
- It produces bile which helps in breaking down of fats.
Liver Failure and Liver Transplant in India
Transplantation of the liver is a surgical complex procedure that restores a diseased or injured liver with a healthy one. When medication does not work then liver is required to be transplanted and is carried out by a surgeon. This has a positive impact in the case of liver diseases or liver failure. When the liver does not perform well, symptoms can be seen from the change in colour of skin to bleeding. Liver failure can result into death of a human also.
Reasons for liver failure can be fatty liver, viruses, Liver cancer, Alcohol Abuse, Metabolic disease, Bile duct disease, etc. Signs and Symptoms of the liver problem can be Jaundice, Weakness, Losing of Appetite, Feeling sick to stomach, Weight loss, Itching, Bleeding easily, Throwing up blood, passing black stools, swollen abdomen, becoming forgetful, etc. If somebody faces such issues then he must immediately go to take expert advice. Further, if a person's liver is not working properly then he/she may require a liver transplant.
Before liver transplant in India, doctor examines the patient properly. Blood tests, X-ray and other tests are done to take the decision whether transplant would benefit the patient or not. If a person has cancer spread outside the liver, severe heart or lung disease, alcohol or drug abuse, severe infection, AIDS, etc, then transplanting should not be done.
Also, when the liver of a person is required to be transplanted then doctor looks for the blood group of donor and donee, size of the organ of the donor, etc. A database is kept to match such aspects and align best possible donor for the patient. The final surgery takes place after the suitable donor is being identified. Before the surgery, general anesthesia is administered to the patients. The liver transplant in India process might take upto 12 hours.
During liver transplant in India, the process is as follows; firstly, surgeon performs incision after that surgeon examines if there is any defect that can prevent liver transplantation. After completion of the above two steps native liver is mobilized which is preceded by the separation of imperative structure done by the surgeon. Then diseased liver is removed and new liver is sewed. Lastly, surgeon makes sure that bleeding is controlled and incision is performed.
For the initial few days, patient is required to undergo medications and frequent health check-ups. It might happen sometime that the transplanted liver may fail and original disease returns. For successful results, it is necessary that doctors keeps record of recovery of patient. Due to the latest techniques of organ maintenance, operational care and immunosuppressant survival continues to improve in the future.
Cost Comparison with Other Countries
The cost of liver transplant in India is even more than 50% less than the costs in various other countries. It is the key triggered for patients to choose a skilled experts from a country like India rather than other countries. The cost advantage of liver transplant in India is higher than that in other countries. The factors that affect the cost in India are- fees of the surgeons, number of physician participating in surgery, time spent in intensive care, cost of medication, fees of post-surgery consultation, etc.
The implications caused by a diseased liver are such that they cannot be ignored. liver transplant in India is an option available in case of liver failure or liver complications. A patient can receive quality treatment in India with highly experienced physician. This way, patients can receive the best treatment at lower cost incurred in U.S., U.K., Europe etc.