People suffer from bladder cancer when bladder cells become abnormal and reach out of control which later turned tumor. It can spread to nearby lymph nodes and other organs, apart from this it can spread to different parts of the body like bones, lungs or liver.
There are a common symptom is, blood in urine, the patient will pee more often than usual, burning or hurts when you pee and more. These symptoms could be of urinary tract infection, bladder infection. Once bladder cancer starts to spread, you may notice some symptoms like losing weight, swollen feet, bones hurt, fatigue and others.
There are certain factors that increase the risk of developing bladder cancer, exposure to cancer-causing chemicals, chronic bladder infections, low fluid consumption, being aged, consumption of high-fat diet, hereditary problem.
Bladder cancer is diagnosed using a urinalysis, a cystoscopy, a biopsy, a CT scan, and X-rays to view bladder.
Treatment for the initial stage (stage 0 and stage 1), surgery could be conducted to remove the tumor from the bladder, chemotherapy or immunotherapy, which involves taking a medication that, causes your immune system to attack the cancer cells.
Stage 2 and stage 3 of bladder cancer may include removal of part of the bladder, followed by surgery to create a new way for urine to exit the body. Whereas stage 4 of bladder cancer include chemotherapy without surgery to relieve symptoms and extend life. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy after surgery to kill remaining cancer cells and other procedures.