The cochlear implant is the most significant technical advance in the treatment of hearing impairment.
It is Designed to restore some sense of hearing for the Children or adults who receive little or no benefit from hearing aids. This impairment mostly arises when Auditory nerve remains intact but the hair cell transducers stop functioning.
The Purpose of this implant is to generate electrical signals that do the job that is normally carried out by the damaged hair cells. The implant is surgically placed under the skin behind the ear.
The Procedure begins by performing a mastoidectomy accomplished by removing the hollow bone behind the ear. After making an incision and retracting the ear forward to expose the mastoid bone surface, the honeycomb partitions of the mastoid bone are then drilled away down to where it connects to the middle ear.
There are important structures that are preserved during this procedure including :
The Round Window is the place where the implant will be inserted. Once the round window is exposed, a well along with a channel is drilled in the skull upon which the implant is seated. The electrode array is then inserted into the round window and gently threaded into the cochlea. The skin incision is then closed. After the incision has healed, the external component of the cochlear implant can be worn to start the process of Hearing Restoration.
Generally, people who have undergone any Transplant surgery are able to go home after 1-2 days from the surgery. Recovery may take weeks. You most likely can get back to light activity after 3 weeks.
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