This cancer occurs in the esophagus- a long muscular tube connecting the throat with the stomach. This tube helps to move the food from the throat to the stomach to digest. This cancer begins in the cells that line the inside of the esophagus. Women are more prone to get affected by esophageal cancer. It is one of the most common causes of cancer deaths. The Esophageal cancer occurs when cells in the esophagus develop mutations in the DNA. The mutation makes cells grow more and went out of control. The accumulating abnormal cells form a tumor in the esophagus can grow to invade nearby structure and spread to other parts of the body. In the early stage of esophageal cancer, the patient won’t experience any symptoms. But with the passage of time as cancer progresses, the patient might face the problem of indigestion, heartburn, unexpected weight loss, chest pain, fatigue, hiccups, vomiting, pain when swallowing and other symptoms. The diagnosis of esophageal cancer includes X-rays imaging test, endoscopy, biopsy, CT scan, PET scan or MRI can be used to see if cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
Treatments of Esophageal cancer are based on the type of cells involved in cancer, stage of cancer and overall health of the patient. The patient can undergo surgery to remove cancer or chemotherapy is another way to treat this cancer. Chemotherapy is a drug treatment that uses a chemical to kill cancer cells. It is used before or after surgery of esophageal cancer. Whereas Radiation therapy is an option for treatment which includes the uses of high-powered x-rays beams to kill cancer cells.
The treatment cost of esophageal cancer incurs between Rs. 3,05,922 to Rs. 6, 00,000. The treatment cost can increase depending upon the hospital in which the patient is admitted and also depend on the treatment undergoing. There are many best hospitals for Esophagus cancer treatment which provide cost-effective treatment to the patients.