Kidney cancer often known as renal cancer is a disease in which kidney cells become malignant and develop out of control, forming a tumor. Majorly all the kidney cancer initially appears in the lining of tiny tubes in the kidney, which is known as renal cell carcinoma. There are certain factors that increase the risk of getting kidney cancer, such as smoking, obesity, pain medications, and kidney disease, genetic problem, blood pressure and having lymphoma. In early stages of kidney cancer, it does not cause any signs or symptoms but with the passage of time, blood in urine, back pain, undesired weight loss, loss of appetite, tiredness, and fever are some of the common symptoms by which the patient can suffer from. There is no particular reason behind causes of renal cell cancer but kidney cancer starts when kidney cells acquire mutations in their DNA. The mutation helps the cells to grow and divide, later these cells break off and spread to different parts of the body. The diagnosis of Kidney cancer includes, blood and urine tests, X-rays imaging test, biopsy, CT scan, or MRI can be used to look for the signs of cancer and stages of cancer.
The treatment of kidney cancer depends on the many factors like overall health of the patient, type of kidney cancer patient has suffer from, whether cancer has spread to the other parts or not and many more. Surgery is the main treatment for the majority of cancer-related with a kidney to remove the tumor and proper functioning of the kidney. Apart from surgery, Cryoablation and Radiofrequency ablation are the alternative options available with the patient.
Kidney cancer treatment cost in India starts from $3,500 to $6000, which is comparatively 60% less than the treatment cost in any other developing or developed countries. The treatment cost can increase depending upon the hospital in which the patient is admitted and also depend on the treatment undergoing. There are many best hospitals for Kidney cancer treatment which provide cost-effective treatment to the patients.